B is the right answer
DIRECTIONS: In the following passage some of the words have been left out. Read the passage carefully and choose the correct answer for the given blank out of the four alternatives.
Apparently it may look trivial to ask if one can identify a healthy person from an ill one but the concept of health and illness has __(1)__ human beings for long. In fact, disease and its complementary idea, health, may have some very specific notions rooted in the cultural and social __(2)__ of the people. Those who may qualify as healthy in one socio-cultural context could very well be called ill under a different social context. This is not to deny the now universally accepted parameters of health but to underline the complexity of this concept, which has a bearing on the way individual, society and the state respond to the challenges of disease and demands of health. This is also reflected in the fact that in modern times we have seen many new categories entering into the definition of diseases-Depression, Obesity, Dyslexia, Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Anorexia and __(3)__. Similarly, a number of body states earlier counted in the category of disease are no more considered to be __(4)__. The __(5)__ Indian system of medicine, Ayurveda, conceived of illness as emanating from an imbalance in the basic vital elements phlegm, bile and gas (Kaf, Pitta, Vayu) while the Chinese system of health assumed that it is the breakdown in the dynamic harmony between the Yin and Yang within the human body, which is the cause of disease.
Which word will come in place of blank space ______(1)_____.
The author talks about how the concept of health and illness is confusing for many as there are no set parameters for judging a healthy person. Here, ‘confounded’, which means perplexed, will suit