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Important Current Affairs 7th October 2019

NATIONAL:

The 50th IFFI to be held in Goa from 20th to 28th November

• The 50th International Film Festival of India (IFFI) has been scheduled to be held from 20th November to -28 November 2019 in Goa. Over 250 films from various countries are to be screened at the premiere movie festival. Nearly, 12 films that were made in different languages about 50 years ago will also be screened at the golden jubilee festival of IFFI. Russia will partner India at the IFFI film festival.

• International Film Festival of India (IFFI):

IFFI was founded in 1952. It is one of the most significant film festivals in Asia. IFFI is being organized in Goa since 2004 under the leadership of the Chief Minister of Goa. From the 35th edition, the International Film Festival of India became globally competitive.

Supreme Court bars Maharashtra govt from cutting more trees in Aarey

• Supreme Court (SC) ordered the Maharashtra government to not cut more trees in the Aarey area. The Bombay High Court allowed the state government to go ahead with the felling of trees, following which the state had swiftly moved to cut the green cover to make way for a shed for the upcoming metro project in the city.

• The state government has promised to implement the SC order.

The Mumbai Metro Rail Corporation (MMRC) planned to cut some 2600 trees for the proposed infrastructure. The SC order is a win for the environmentalists, activists and members of the Hindi film fraternity who were opposed to the axing of the green cover.

• Several politicians had also extended their support to the activists protesting against the feeling of trees in Aarey.

Exercise Nomadic Elephant XIV commenced on 6th October in Bakloh

• The Exercise Nomadic Elephant XIV, 14th edition of Indo–Mongolian joint military training has commenced from 6 October 2019. The exercise is conducted over a period of 14 days from 6 October to 18 October 2019 at Bakloh, Himachal Pradesh.

Aim:

Nomadic Elephant-XIV aims to train troops in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations under the United Nations mandate. It aims to enhance defence co-operation and military relations between the two countries.

Drills:

♦ The exercise will provide a platform to share the experiences and best practices of the two countries and gain mutually during the joint training.

♦ It aims to evolve various tactical drills in counter-terror environment like Convoy Protection Drill, Room Intervention Drills, Ambush/ Counter Ambush Drills.

India and Bangladesh signed MoU to set up coastal surveillance

• India and Bangladesh have signed an MOU to set up a coastal surveillance system radar in Bangladesh on 5 October. Delhi will enable the setting up the surveillance. The countries have decided to further expand connectivity network corridors to boost Delhi's Indo-Pacific strategy with Dhaka emerging as a key pillar in that vision.

MoUs:

Including this, India and Bangladesh signed MoUs to strengthen ties: The MoUs include:

♦ MOU to provide a Coastal Surveillance System

♦ Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) on the use of Chattogram and Mongla Ports for Movement of goods to and from India

♦ Withdrawal of 1.82 cusecs of water from Feni River by India for drinking water supply scheme for Sabroom town, Tripura

♦ Agreement concerning Implementation of the Lines of Credit (LoCs) committed by India to Bangladesh

♦ Between the University of Hyderabad and the University of Dhaka for the renewal of Cultural Exchange Programme

♦ Co-operation in Youth Affairs

INTERNATIONAL:

Trade opportunities between the US and India are historic

• The governor of Arkansas state Asa Hutchinson in the US said that the trade opportunities between the US and India are historic although there is a re-examining of trading relationships based on a look at new trading rules.

• Because of the national leaders who foster trade and investment between India and the United States the trade opportunities are very high.

• Hutchinson:

Asa Hutchinson is one of 5 governors of New Jersey, Colorado, Delaware, and Indiana apart from Arkansas. He has been scheduled to visit India over the next few months to enhance economic ties with the country.

AWARDS AND ACHIEVEMENTS:

Nobel Prize for Medicine awarded to William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of US, Peter Ratcliffe of Britain

• Three researchers from the US and Britain on Monday shared the Nobel Medicine Prize for discoveries on how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability, paving the way for new cancer treatments.

William Kaelin and Gregg Semenza of the US and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe split the nine million Swedish kronor ($914,000, 833,000 euros) award.

• They established the basis for our understanding of how oxygen levels affect cellular metabolism and physiological function,

• The trio identified molecular machinery that regulates the activity of genes in response to varying levels of oxygen, which is central to a large number of diseases.

• The intense ongoing efforts in academic laboratories and pharmaceutical companies are now focused on developing drugs that can interfere with different disease states by either activating, or blocking, the oxygen-sensing machinery.

DAYS:

World Habitat Day is observed on 7 October

• World Habitat Day is observed on 7 October 2019 every year. The day aims to reflect on the state of the towns and cities and the basic right of all to adequate shelter. It also aims to remind the world of its collective responsibility for the future of the human habitat.

• Theme:

The theme for 2019 is Frontier Technologies as an innovative tool to transform waste into wealth. The theme promotes the contribution of innovative frontier technologies to sustainable waste management to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 11 (SDG-11).

• SDG-11 includes safe, resilient and sustainable cities. The theme also includes solid waste, all waste produced by human activities that cause a huge impact on climate change, public health and the environment.

Wildlife Week is celebrated from 2nd to 8th October

• Wildlife Week is celebrated in India in the month of October from 2nd to 8th October every year. The week is celebrated with the view to preserve the fauna means the animal life of India.

• This week, the government has launched varieties of sanctuaries and national parks have been already launched in the appropriate localities all across the country.

• Aim:

The week aims to make people more aware of the conservation and protection of wildlife. It will focus the people’s attention on the importance of conservation of wildlife. It aims to implement more services to preserve wildlife. It will also discuss all the issues related to the preservation of wildlife.

• History:

Wildlife Week was first started in the year 1952. The week was initiated with a great vision of saving the life of the Indian animals by taking some critical steps. The week has been initiated planning to save animal extinction of any species of India. The Indian Government has established an Indian Board of Wild Life to improve awareness as well as the consciousness of the Indian people towards wildlife preservation.

SPORTS:

Novak Djokovic won Japan Open 2019 title

• Novak Djokovic, World No.1, won the 2019 Japan Open title on 6 October. He defeated the Australian qualifier John Millman to win the title. Djokovic secured 6-3, 6-2 and marked his 10th win in a tournament main draw debut in his celebrated career.

It was his first competition after pulling out of the US Open due to a left shoulder injury.

Result:

Singles: Serbia Novak Djokovic

Doubles: France Nicolas Mahut / Edouard Roger-Vasselin

• 2019 Japan Open Tennis Championships:

Date: 30 September–6 October

Edition: 46th

Location: Tokyo, Japan

The 2019 Japan open is a part of the ATP Tour 500 series of the 2019 ATP Tour. The men's tennis tournament is played on outdoor hard courts.

Surender Singh won gold in 2019 World Powerlifting Championship

• Surender Singh of India won gold in 110 kg category, Classic Raw and the Best Lifter Award in Classic Raw and Single Ply at the 2019 World Powerlifting Championship in Berlin, Germany. He created three world records at the event.

• Also, 3-time World Champion Mukesh Singh won gold only to be known as 4-time World Champion. On the first day of the championship, Indian players bagged a total of 4 gold and 1 silver medal.

Naomi Osaka won the 2019 China Open title

• Japanese Tennis player Naomi Osaka won the 2019 China Open title. She defeated world number one Ashleigh Barty to win her second Women's Tennis Association (WTA) Tour 2019 title.

Result:

Men's Singles: Dominic Thiem, Austria

Women's Singles: Naomi Osaka, Japan

Men's Doubles: Ivan Dodig / Slovakia Filip Polášek, Croatia

Women's Doubles: Sofia Kenin / United States Bethanie Mattek-Sands, the United States.